Symptoms & Transmission of Monkey Pox that Has Entered Indonesia Lifestyle – 4 hours ago

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – The Ministry of Health (Kemenkes RI) confirmed two cases of monkey pox or monkeypox in Indonesia. Both cases were found in DKI Jakarta.

“Not long ago, yesterday (Saturday, October 14 2023) we received another report of one case, so to date we have two confirmed cases, both of which happened to be in Jakarta,” said Member of the Work Team of the Ministry of Health’s Surveillance and Quarantine Directorate, Chita Septiawati. , quoted from CNN IndonesiaFriday (20/10/2023).

Previously, in 2022 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared monkey pox a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) or a public health emergency.


The origins of monkey pox

According to the official website of the Indonesian Ministry of Health, monkey pox is a rare zoonotic disease caused by a viral infection monkeypox. Virus monkeypox belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus in the family Poxviridae.

Monkey pox was first discovered in 1958, when there was an outbreak of a smallpox-like disease that attacked pet monkeys for research. Meanwhile, the first case of monkey pox that infected humans was first discovered in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

“Since then, cases of monkeypox have infected people in several other Central African and West African countries, such as Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, DR Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo and Sierra Leone,” he wrote. Ministry of Health, quoted Friday (20/10/2023).

How monkey pox is transmitted

Quoting from the official WHO website, monkey pox can be transmitted to humans through physical contact with infected patients, contaminated objects, or infected animals.

In detail, the following is how monkey pox is transmitted due to contact with humans, animals and contaminated objects.

1. Inter-human. Transmission can occur through contact face to face (talking or exhaling), droplets, touching, kissing, or sexual intercourse.

2. Animals. Transmission can occur when hunting, skinning, or cooking infected animals.

3. Objects. Transmission can occur through contaminated bed linen, clothing or needles.

4. Pregnant Women. Pregnant women can transmit the virus that causes monkey pox to their unborn babies.

“Monkey pox can be prevented by avoiding physical contact with someone who is infected. In addition, vaccination can also help prevent infection for people at risk,” wrote WHO.

Symptoms of monkey pox

According to WHO, signs and symptoms of monkey pox generally appear within seven days, but can appear from one to 21 days after exposure.

“Symptoms usually last for two to four weeks, but can last longer in someone with a weakened immune system,” said WHO.

The following are common symptoms of monkey pox.

  1. Rash

  2. Fever

  3. Sore throat

  4. Headache

  5. Muscle ache

  6. Back pain

  7. Weak

  8. Swollen lymph nodes

Generally, the rash starts as sores that then blister and fill with fluid. The fluid-filled blisters will feel itchy or painful. Once the rash heals, the lesions will dry out, form a crust, and disappear.

Meanwhile, skin lesions can appear on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet, face, mouth, throat, groin, genital area and anus.

“Some people may also experience painful swelling around the rectum or pain and difficulty urinating,” explains WHO.

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